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What is Congenital Heart Disease?

Congenital Heart Disease basically means the type of heart disease which is present from birth. It refers to a variety of problems with the heart that have been present since birth as per the Cardiologist Doctor in Indore. Congenital refers to a condition that you are born with. Both adults and children with congenital heart disease may experience irregular blood flow in the heart. Congenital heart disease can be in a variety of forms.

There are several types of congenital cardiac disease. However, significant problems could lead to deadly issues. However, the advanced treatment, diagnosis, care, and treatment of Cardiologist Doctor in Indore helps to improve congenital heart diseases.

Congenital heart disease patients require lifetime medical treatment. Regular checkups including medicine, or surgery are all possible forms of treatment. Ask the Cardiologist Doctor in Indore how often you need to be checked if you have adult congenital heart disease.

CHDs can vary in severity from modest, like a small hole in the heart, to severe, such as missing or malformed cardiac sections.

A serious CHD affects approximately 1 in 4 newborns with a heart defect. Babies with a critical CHD require surgery or other treatments during the first year of life.

Types of Congenital Heart Disease

Types of Congenital Heart Diseases – Cardiologist Doctor in Indore

  • Atrial Septal Defect.
  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect.
  • Pulmonary Atresia.
  • Single Ventricle.
  • Tetralogy of Fallot.
  • Ventricular Septal Defect.
  • Single Ventricle.
  • Double Outlet Right Ventricle.
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis.
  • Vascular Rings.
  • Pulmonary Atresia with intact ventricular Septum.
  • Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect.

Symptoms of Congenital Heart DiseaseCardiologist Doctor in Indore

The Cardiologist Doctor in Indore says that some people don’t experience the warning signs or symptoms of congenital heart disease until they are adults. But the symptoms of congenital heart diseases may occur for years.

Common adult congenital heart disease signs and symptoms include:

  • Abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias)
  • Blue fingernails, lips, and skin (cyanosis)
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Experiencing fatigue after vigorous activities
  • Bodily organs or tissue swelling (edema)

Causes of Congenital Heart Diseases

Causes of Congenital Heart Disease - Cardiologist Doctor in Indore

The majority of congenital cardiac diseases have unknown causes, according to researchers. Some congenital cardiac conditions are passed down from parents to children (inherited).

  • Understanding how the heart generally works will help you better identify congenital heart disease.
  • Two top chambers (atria) and two lower chambers make up the heart’s chamber structure (ventricles).
  • Blood veins on the right side of the heart carry blood to the lungs (pulmonary arteries).
  • Blood absorbs oxygen in the lungs before returning to the left side of your heart via the pulmonary veins.
  • The blood is then pumped from the left side of the heart to the rest of the body via the artery.

Risk Factors of Congenital Heart Diseases – Cardiologist Doctor in Indore

There are many factors that play an important role in the development of congenital heart diseases

  • Diabetes: – Pregnancy-related type 1 or type 2 diabetes may also have an impact on how the baby’s heart develops. The risk of congenital cardiac disease is typically not increased by gestational diabetes.
  • Medications: – Congenital heart disease and other birth problems might result from taking some medications while pregnant. Lithium, which is used to treat bipolar disorder, and isotretinoin which is used to treat acne, are other drugs that have been related to cardiac problems. Inform the Cardiologist Doctor in Indore of all the medications you take at all times.
  • Alcohol:  – Alcohol consumption during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of a baby’s heart defects.
  • Smoking: – Quit smoking if you do. Smoking during pregnancy raises the chance that the baby will be born with congenital cardiac abnormalities.
Complications of Congenital Heart Disease

Complications of Congenital Heart Diseases

Irregular Heartbeat: – In this condition, the heart beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly. If it is not treated it can diagnose you with serious heart diseases like stroke or sudden cardiac death. The complications of this disease are also increased because of the prior surgery of the damaged tissue.

Heart Infections (Endocarditis): – The bloodstream can carry bacteria or other pathogens that can travel to the heart’s inner lining (endocardium). If left untreated, this infection may induce stroke harm or destroy the heart.

Stroke: – A blood clot may pass through the heart and proceed to the brain, where it will restrict or stop blood flow, due to a congenital cardiac abnormality.

High Blood Pressure in the Lungs or Arteries: – Some congenital heart diseases increase blood flow to the lungs, which raises pressure. The heart muscle ultimately weakens and occasionally fails as a result of this.

Heart Failure:  – Congestive heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the demands of the body.

For more information and the best care and treatment to cope up with congenital heart disease consult with Dr. Akhilesh Jain the Cardiologist Doctor in Indore.

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