Information About Heart Disease Including Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment.

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Information About Heart Disease Including Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment.

Are you someone who wants to know more about heart disease? Do you want to understand what can cause heart disease, what are all the symptoms, how to prevent and treat heart diseases? You are at the right place. In the end, you will get a clear idea of the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of heart diseases. All these are from the expert in the same field, Dr. Siddhant Jain who is a famous heart doctor in Indore.

What Is the Coronary Artery?

Heart muscles are primarily responsible to pump blood to all parts of the body. Blood passes through the artery which carries oxygen and nutrients, coronary arteries deliver oxygenated blood to the heart muscle.

What Causes Heart Disease?

Based on the type of disease, the cause of heart diseases vary. Let’s look into a few heart diseases and their major causes.

Coronary Artery Disease

This is caused by atherosclerosis (formation of cholesterol in arteries). This results in narrowing of arteries which causes a heart attack or stroke (Blood cannot flow freely through narrowed arteries).

Congenital Heart Defects

Defects in the heart develop during pregnancy for the child (baby in the womb) and are present at birth.

Connective Tissue Disorders

These can cause cardiomyopathy.

Common causes of heart disease (Due to co-existing health problems)

  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Unhealthy lifestyle,
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol 
  • Diabetes
  • Stress/Anxiety

Common Uncontrollable Factors: 

Heart specialist doctor in Indore says early detection and frequent checkups help in preventing people from severe damage in the heart or from heart attacks.

Uncontrollable causes are:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history
  • Medical history.

Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease

Indore heart specialist doctor explains, symptoms related to the disease never happen to all people who are suffering from the disease. Symptoms of heart disease vary depending upon the specific type of disease and health condition the person has. Also, some heart condition shows no symptoms.

People with type 2 diabetes and hypertension won’t have any symptoms at the early stage.

Common Symptoms For Heart Diseases Are:
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue and lightheadedness
  • Swelling due to fluid retention
  • Light-headedness
Some Symptoms That Could Indicate Heart Attack Include:
  • Chest pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Sweating
  • Arm, jaw, back, or leg pain
  • A choking sensation
  • Fatigue
  • An irregular heartbeat

Some heart attacks can happen without any symptoms which are called a myocardial infarction. This happens mostly for people with diabetes.

Prevention of Heart Disease

An important thing to prevent heart disease is lifestyle changes and treating the underlying cause.

  1. Exercise – Improvement of heart health through exercise has many ways. A few of them are listed here:
  2. Aerobic exercise
  3. Resistance training
  4. Yoga – helps to reduce stress
  5. Healthy diet – Help to prevent heart disease.
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Take low fat or fat-free products
  • Increase protein intake
  • Nuts, seeds, and legumes
  • Include non-tropical vegetable oil.
  • Other ways to improve heart health (Treating risk factors)
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Limiting alcohol intake
  • Managing stress
  • Maintaining healthy blood cholesterol levels
  • Prevention from underlying cause:

If the subject already has associated health conditions, it is important to maintain that condition. Underlying causes can be Blood pressure, High cholesterol levels, Diabetes.

Dr. Siddhant Jain

Controlling the disease by taking proper medications will help to prevent them from having heart disease and heart attack.

Prevention from heart attack:

After getting a heart attack, you must be more focused to lower the risk of having another attack. Indore best cardiologist advise these people to make easy and healthy lifestyle changes, follow medications as prescribed by doctors and have regular checkups.


Treatment for heart disease is different and depends on the type of disease, there are some common treatments like lifestyle modifications, under medication, and undergoing surgery if required.

Lifestyle Modifications As A Treatment For Heart Disease:

Dr. Siddhant Jain, the best cardiologist in Indore says, Prevention of heart disease through lifestyle changes is similar to treatment of heart disease. It is evident that heart disease can be controlled by lifestyle modifications.

Lifestyle modifications include a balanced and healthy diet, consistency in exercising, maintaining body weight, avoiding smoking, and drinking alcohol, managing the health conditions which cause heart disease (for example consuming BP tablets regularly as a treatment option for high blood pressure).

Medications For The Treatment Of Heart Diseases:

Medications are a common treatment for heart diseases.

Indore’s best cardiologist lists some common medications used in heart disease.

  • Antocoagulants – The clotting ability of the blood is decreased.
  • Antiplatelet agents – helps to prevent blood clot.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme – helps to expand blood vessels.
  • Beta-blockers – Helps to lower the blood pressure and decreases the heart rate.
  • Vasodilators – It works to increase the blood and oxygen flow to the heart. Vasodilators help to ease chest pain.
  • Diuretics – reduce the excess body fluids through urination.
  • Cholesterol-lowering medicines – that decrease the bad cholesterol in the blood.

Surgical options for heart disease:

Surgical procedures primarily depend on the type of heart disease and how much damage has happened to the heart. Based on this, the cardiologist will decide on which procedure is needed.

Frequently used procedures are listed below:

  • Angioplasty 
  • Stent Placement 
  • Artificial Heart Valve Surgery 
  • Bypass Surgery 
  • Radiofrequency Ablation 
  • Cardiomyoplasty 
  • Heart Transplant 

Famous heart doctors in Indore concluded that heart disease is a common health problem anyone can get, there are several types of heart disease. A person can understand the risk factors and cause of disease, which will help to prevent the disease and its complications. Getting a cardiologist’s advice is always important.

If you are in Indore and looking for the best cardiologist in Indore, Dr. Siddhant Jain can help as he has experience in the field.

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